In 1487 in a single four day, long ceremony for the dedication of a new an Aztec temple in Tenochtitlan, some 80,000 captives were killed in human sacrifice. The same practice included the cannibalism of the victims’ limbs.
In 1492 Christopher Columbus landed on an island in the Americas and named it San Salvador.
In 1521 the Spanish Conquest of Tenochtitlan. Two-hundred and forty thousand Aztecs are estimated to have died during the siege, which lasted eighty days
In 1531 a “Lady from Heaven” appeared to a humble Native American at Tepeyac, a hill northwest of what is now Mexico City.
The Virgin Mary appeared to Juan Diego, an Indian of ordinary standing, and addressed him in his native Indian Language.
“Know and understand well, you the most humble of my son, that I am the ever virgin Holy Mary, Mother of the True God for whom we live, of the Creator of all things, Lord of heaven and the earth.”
Mary directed Juan Diego to visit the archbishop of Mexico and to inform him of her desire to have a church built in her honor on Tepeyac.
Mary miraculously provided her messenger colorful roses in the winter, in a spot where normally only desert plants would grow.
Juan Diego gathered the roses into his tilma, and was told by the Virgin Mother to present the roses and tilma to the Franciscan Bishop-elect, Juan Zumarraga.
When St. Juan Diego unfolded his tilma before the Bishop, the roses cascaded to the floor and the image of Our Lady of Guadalupe was miraculously impressed to the cloth.
The Image of Our Lady that appeared on the tilma, which can still be seen in Mexico City today, is truly miraculous and has been the wonder of scientists for hundreds of years. All, after exhaustive investigation with sophisticated analytic detectors, have concluded that the work is beyond the power of men to produce.